How the Lungs Help to Balance Our Body’s pH Level
Our lungs are amazing organs which not only help us breathe and exchange oxygen (O2) with carbon dioxide (CO2). This is an essential component in helping to balance the acidity and alkalinity levels in our body to keep us at a balance pH level of 7.4.
If the lungs fail to remove excess CO2 from the blood. This may cause our blood to become acidic, causing symptoms, such as fatigue and confusion.
How Our Lungs Defend Against Infection and Foreign Particles
When we get an infection in our lungs, 3 important immune responses happen:
1. Mucus Hyper Secretion and Mucocilliary Escalator – The 1st line of lung defense, where the airways secrete thicker mucus so as to capture and and remove pollutants from the airways before they it reaches the air sacs.
2. Inflammation of the Airway Walls – The 2nd line of lung defense. This occurs if any bacteria or viruses make it through the mucus and enter the skin cells of the airway walls. In this case, the airway walls fill with blood and fluid as the white blood cells are pushed into the muscle to help fight infection. By filling with blood, the tissue expands, causing heat and pain, i.e. the inflammatory condition.
3. BronchoConstriction– This is a condition which is usually found in Asthmatics and is a direct response to a parasitic attack. This is the airways attempt to physically force the parasite from the airways and lungs. Parasites excrete feces in the lungs which, if delivered to the airway walls cause the bond of the airway wall to be broken causing bleeding and in most cases, cause BronchoConstriction as a defense mechanism of the lungs. It isn’t actually the pollen which causes BronchoConstriction, it is the parasitic feces on the pollen which, when broken down, are released into the airway walls causing BronchoConstriction.
How Does Mucus Clearance Help to Reduce Inflammation and BronchoConstriction?
When the mucocilliary escalator is working properly, then the mucus flows freely. This allows the capture of most of the foreign particles, bacteria, parasite feces and virus particles. Just like a leaf falling on a free-flowing stream, any foreign particles, bacteria or viruses falling on the mucus is carried away.
This allows the particles to be carried up and out of the lungs, to the throat to be either swallowed or coughed out naturally. This reduces the requirement of the other immune defenses including inflammation and BronchoConstriction.
Mucus Dysfunction and What Are The Effects?
When the mucocilliary escalator isn’t working correctly, the result is called Mucus Dysfunction. Mucus dysfunction can occur because of a number of reasons ranging from an infection occurring in the airways, through to excess mucus (also called hyper-secretion) or damage to the cilia (hairs in the airways).
The result is that the mucus becomes stagnant and just like leaves falling onto a stagnant creek, the foreign particles, bacteria, parasite feces and virus particles settle into the mucus. They then pass through to the mucus to settle on and then enter the airway walls. This causes the 2nd and 3rd immune defenses (Inflamation and BronchoConstriction) to be activated, leading to inflammation and potentially BronchoConstriction.
As an adverse effect of activation of inflammation and/or BronchoConstriction, the airway walls secrete more, thicker mucus to decrease the infections, feces and particles from reaching the airway walls and causing agitation. The negative effect is that this mucus can be harder to clear for the mucocilliary escalator as it is thicker, heavier and stickier. If mucocilliary clearance works normal and the infection doesn’t persist, then this thicker mucus will be cleared, but at a slower rate. But if the infection persists, then inflammation persists and excess mucus continues to be excreted. This leads to chest congestion as the mucus builds up leading to a condition called mucus dysfunction.
If mucus dysfunction is left untreated, it can lead to further infection, and production of more mucus, leading to a vicious cycle of infection, mucus dysfunction and re-infection. This can lead to further respiratory conditions like Chronic Bronchitis, Bronchiectasis and Pneumonia.
How to Break the Lung Infection Cycle
AirPhysio is an international award winning device. The device uses an all natural process called Oscillating Positive Expiratory Pressure or OPEP. This process helps the mucus clearance process by doing the following:
- Positive Expiratory Pressure or PEP – The devices creates a positive pressure when you exhale (breathe out) into the device, causing the lungs to expand and circulate the air in the lungs, helping to push the mucus and start it moving and helping it to flow smoother.
- Oscillation – As soon as the ball bearing in the device reaches a specific pressure (based on the version of the device), it causes the ball bearing to lift, releasing the pressure and causing the lungs to temporarily deflate and the re inflate.Oscillation and PEP also lead to 2 extra benefits as follows:a. Wind Sheering – When the pressure is released, it causes air to rush over the surface of the mucus. This helps remove the upper layers of the mucus, along with the trapped particles, pushing it up and out of the mucus.b. Shaking of the Airway Walls – Because of the changing pressure from an expanding airway wall to the pressure returning to a normal pressure as the walls return to a relaxed state. The device causes the walls to expand and contract at between 15-35 times per second, causing the mucus to shake, loosening the bond of the mucus to the walls. This helps to open airways and move the mucus up and out of the lungs.